Im Jahr 2020 hat sich die Menschenrechtssituation in Nicaragua noch einmal verschlechtert und die Repression verschärft, sagt das Red Internacional de Derechos Humanos – RIDH
I. Concluding remarks as the second resolution’s cycle is closing
Last year, in light of the persisting serious human rights violations and abuse perpetrated in Nicaragua since April 2018 and the recommendations formulated by the High Commissioner in her report and oral updates to the HRC, the Human Rights Council approved a second resolution on the protection and promotion of
human rights in Nicaragua.
This resolution urged yet again, the State of Nicaragua, as a State party to the international Covenants and other relevant human rights instruments, to:
- Resume its cooperation with OHCHR and other International and regional human rights monitoring bodies and mechanisms,
- To respect its citizens fundamental rights and freedoms enshrined in the International Covenant and Conventions to which it is a party,
- To cease the widespread practice of arbitrary detention as a form of repression of dissident voices, free all political prisoners and to investigate allegations of torture and extra-judicial executions,
- To restore the independence of the judiciary and ombudsman and to guarantee a thorough victim-centred, transparent, inclusive and comprehensive accountability process to ensure access to truth, justice and reparation for the victims of human rights abuses committed since 2018, To resume a credible, representative and transparent dialogue with all of society’s sectors in order to find a peaceful and democratic resolution to the crisis
- To undertake judicial and electoral reforms to ensure credible, transparent and fair elections in line with International norms and with the presence of independent national and international observers.
It is clear that the Government has not complied with any of these points, it has not acceded to the recommendations formulated in the High Commissioner’s 2019 report and subsequent oral updates, and has yet to allow for the return of the OHCHR and IACHR in the country. Moreover, this past year has been
marked by a further deterioration of the human rights situation, an institutionalisation of repression and a pointed disdain for civil society and the international community’s repeated calls to comply with its national
and international human rights obligations, even in light of the COVID-19 pandemic.